Refugee Crisis: The Present day Confrontation and its solutions
Authors: Aryakumari Sailendraja(Chief Operating Officer), Internationalism & ISAIL Utkal University, Odisha and Rohit Raj(student), Lloyd Law College, CCS University, India
Human beings are an exceptional, indispensable and exquisite gift of divinity. They are always influenced by their dreams with their nature of innocence, self-confidence and honest thoughts. Every person has his or her own personal rights by birth. Human rights are included with their right to association with society and family, human identity as well as the basic needs for physical protection, food, universal state-paid education, health care and laws appropriate for their development, equal protection for their civil rights and freedom from discrimination on the basis of race, gender, religion or nationality. The principal definition of a “refugee” is contained in the 1951 United Nations Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees. A refugee is defined as a forced immigrant who has been forced to leave his or her country because of aggravation, war or violence. A refugee has a well-grounded fear of aggravation because of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership in a particular social group. War and ethnicity, tribal and religious violence are leading causes of refugees leaving their countries. There are some major challenges faced by the refugees to live a safe livelihood while migrating to a different country. They face difficulty in communicating with the local people of the host country, the uncontrolled birth rate resulting in hopeless childhood, lack access to proper education, they are denied to safe livelihood, medical facilities and hygienic housing facilities. The cultural barrier has been proved to be a major problem for the refugees. The present work is the study of Dynamics of Refugee problems and possible solutions that found refugee problem has become a worldwide phenomenon in a very gigantic proportion. Syria, Afghanistan, South Sudan, Myanmar and Somalia contribute two-thirds or 57% of all refugees throughout the world. More than 21 million people are staying out of their countries as refugees. But in last few years, the refugees have been proved to be a burden on the host country. The host country is also facing social and economic issues with the increasing number of refugees. The empty stomach of the refugees forces them to commit dreadful offences which disturb the law and order system of the host country. The suggestive approach to overcome the problem of global refugee crisis and to protect the refugee are opening safe routes to sanctuary for refugee, prosecuting trafficking gangs who exploit refugees and arranging resettlement for all refugees. Providing the refugees with asylum is a major solution to global refugee crisis but unfortunately, no asylum is welcoming the refugees with open hearts filled with love and compassion.
Keywords: Refugee crises, Discrimination, Solutions
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