Social Factors Affecting the Level of Domestic Violence

Authors: Mugdha Satpute & Aditi Kalbhor, Students, Marathwada Mitra Mandal's Shankarrao Chavan Law College, Savitribai Phule Pune University, India



Women in Indian society are suffering from assaults, harassments, injustice, gender discrimination, and many more. Due to the presence of these evils, the main objective of the Government and social activists along with well-educated people is to work for women empowerment. One of the most common crimes committed against women is Domestic Violence. Domestic violence is any behaviour which includes actual abuse or threat to women which may be physical, sexual, verbal, emotional or economical.

An attempt has been made by researchers to understand the rate and level of domestic violence that women have to face in rural as well as urban areas. We have perception in our mind that women living in rural areas are the only victims of domestic violence, and it is absent in urban areas. To judge this reality, the researchers have conducted a comparative empirical study on the presence of domestic violence in rural and urban areas of Maharashtra.

The research has been focused on the significance of factors such as education, profession, income, psychological state, family structure, dowry, and awareness about laws made for the protection of women against domestic violence. It includes the components which indicate the level of domestic violence which women had to suffer, and what actions were taken against the husband as well as in-laws. Based on the analysis of this empirical data, the researchers were able to understand the disparity and reality from a comparative perspective. With these sound research findings, the researchers have attempted to build up a sound body of conclusion. These conclusions are supported by recommendations.

Keywords: Domestic Violence, Women Empowerment, Comparative Perspective, Maharashtra.


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