The Efficacy and Scope of Public Health Laws in Times of Emergency

Author: Kshitij Kasi Viswanath, Student, Kirit P Mehta School of Law, NMIMS University, Mumbai, India


Abstract The recent Covid-19 outbreak has taken the world aback leading to the question of how Public Health Laws have affected the handling of the epidemic and what efforts are being made to curb, restrict and mitigate the spread of diseases are in limelight. This gives us an opportunity to reflect on the system and understand where we have strived and where we must improve. This paper aims to analyse the efficacy and provide suggestions by taking numerous evidence-based cases into consideration. The paper also examines the effect of globalization on Health Laws by obtaining a basic understanding from the development of public health laws to analyse the situation we face in a more complex world today. Further, the paper focuses on Public Health Laws in light of the need for emergency preparedness and also tries to establish a role for both civilians and health workers during a time of crisis as both play a crucial part in mitigating the risks during a public health emergency. The paper also analyses the ability of the International Health Regulations to ensure equilibrium in the modern world during emergencies. The paper creates a link between the establishment and the application of public health law to various fields of humanities such as history, sociology and economics. The paper has taken into consideration only secondary sources for the purpose of this research due to the risk and overworked nature of the public health system at the time of authorship.

Keywords: Health laws, Covid-19, Health workers, Emergency preparedness.


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